Tetanus vaccine is available as monovalent tetanus toxoid TT , in bivalent combination with diphtheria toxoid DT or low-dose diphtheria toxoid Td , or as trivalent vaccine that also includes whole-cell wP or acellular aP pertussis vaccine. Vaccines containing DT are used for children under 7 years of age and Td-containing vaccines for those aged 7 years and over. Vaccine combinations containing diphtheria toxoid D or d and tetanus toxoid, rather than tetanus toxoid alone, should be used when immunization against tetanus is indicated. A childhood immunization schedule of five doses is recommended. The primary series of three doses of DTP DTwP or DTaP should be given in infancy, with a booster dose of a tetanus toxoidcontaining vaccine ideally at age 4—7 years and another booster in adolescence, e. Those who have received the primary series plus two booster doses, the last of which given in early adulthood, are unlikely to require further doses.
Tetanus and Adults
Tetanus - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Their paper in Clinical Infectious Diseases recommends that the current adult vaccination schedule should be revisited. Slifka, Ph. In this study, Slifka and colleagues looked at the magnitude and duration of immunity to tetanus and diphtheria to provide an evidence-based evaluation of the current adult vaccine schedule. Their analysis shows adults will remain protected against tetanus and diphtheria for at least 30 years without the need for further booster shots, after completing the standard five-dose childhood vaccination series. If a revised adult vaccination schedule were implemented, the authors believe that a simplified age-based vaccination plan could be designed to involve a single vaccination at age 30 and again at age
Study shows tetanus shots needed every 30 years, not every 10
Tetanus, commonly called lockjaw, is caused by a bacterial toxin, or poison, that affects the nervous system. Tetanus is not transmitted from person to person. Vaccination is the only way to protect against tetanus.
Tetanus is an acute infectious disease caused by spores of the bacterium Clostridium tetani. Being very resistant to heat and most antiseptics, the spores can survive for years. Anyone can get tetanus, but the disease is particularly common and serious in newborn babies and pregnant women who have not been sufficiently immunized with tetanus-toxoid-containing vaccines. The disease remains an important public health problem in many parts of the world, but especially in low-income countries or districts, where immunization coverage is low, and unclean birth practices are common. Neonatal tetanus occurs when nonsterile instruments are used to cut the umbilical cord or when contaminated material is used to cover the umbilical stump.